The Dental Implant Process Explained
How Dental Implants Are Placed
Different life circumstances prompt many to consider getting dental implants. It’s hard not to feel the impact of a lost tooth or teeth, especially if you care about how you look and the teeth you’ve lost are right in the front of your mouth. Functionally, you’ll find yourself struggling with properly chewing up food, and you may often get annoyed by how often you deal with food debris getting stuck between your teeth and gums.
Dental implants come in two types and they are differentiated by the jawbone condition of patients. The first type is Endosteal or in the bone implant, which surgically places screws, cylinders or blades into the jawbone. The other type is Subperiosteal or on the bone implant, which is placed on top of the jaw. This type of dental implant is for people who cannot wear conventional dentures because of diminished bone height; the metal framework’s posts protrude through the gums in order to hold the prosthesis.
How Dental Implants Are Put In
The actual process will commence after determining whether an Endosteal or Subperiosteal implant is suitable for you and the periodontist has created the best treatment plan to meet your unique requirements.
It will all begin with your dentist “preparing” your jawbone as the foundation of the procedure. If there’s insufficient bone quantity at the upper back jaw, sinus augmentation will need to be performed first. This is because of the close distance between the bone and the sinus. Sinus augmentation will raise the sinus floor so the bone will develop nicely for the installation of the implant.
Now, if there are deformities in the upper or lower jaw, these need to be corrected first through ridge modification wherein the gum is lifted off the ridge to show the bone’s defects. The deformity will be filled with bone or a substitute to create a proper ridge for the implants.
For the first surgery, it’s all about placing the implant or implants in your jaw. This is carried out using a plastic surgical guide made by your prosthodontist or general dentist. The guide is fitted over your existing teeth and it will extend over the area where you’ve lost your teeth to establish where the implants should go.
Once the first surgery is properly carried out, the specialist will wait four or five months if implants were placed in the lower jaw, and six or seven months if they were placed in the upper jaw. This time period will allow the implants and bone to fuse together.
When the bone and implants have already fused, you’ll be scheduled for the second surgery. A new incision will be made to reveal the heads or tops of the implants. A collar, called a healing cap, will be placed on the head of the implant. The collar is a round piece of metal that will hold the gum away from the head of the implant and it will be kept in place for 10 to 14 days.
When the tissue heals around the collar, the collar will be removed and an abutment will be screwed into the implant before a final impression of the abutment is made. Afterward, an abutment and temporary crown will be placed on the implant. The abutment will be screwed to the implant so it won’t come loose and the temporary crown will be placed on the abutment. The temporary crown will be in place for four to six weeks. Finally, the permanent crown will replace it. The permanent crown will either be cemented or screwed to the abutment.
Placing dental implants is a meticulous and long process, so if you wish to restore your teeth with such a solution, make sure you have a highly experienced dental professional working on you.