What Causes Gum Recession?
What Causes Gum Recession?
Gum recession is a tell-tale sign of gum and periodontal disease. It is when your gums no longer cover as much of the tooth and root surface as it should. When you find that your teeth have somehow look larger than before, this is not because your teeth have grown. It’s most likely because your gums have become shorter. When you find a yellowish shiny patch next to the gums, that is part of your root, and unfortunately, you’re suffering from gum recession.
Studies have shown that up to 50% of the world’s population suffers from gum recession, at least in one surface of one of their teeth. This means that it is a global phenomenon, that needs to be addressed and treated.
Common Causes of Gum Recession
Causes of Gum Recession: Age
Sometimes recession is not a sign of disease, it is just a common physiological change that occurs with age. With an increase in age, the nutrients and vitamins that reach the gums decrease, and the elasticity of the gums and fibers decrease significantly. So, the gums are unable to keep their taut stretched shape and begin to sag and recede.
Causes of Gum Recession: Poor oral hygiene
Gum recession is one of the stages of evolution of gum disease. Early signs of gum disease include bleeding on brushing and slight sensitivity. With the progression of the disease, bone starts to be eaten away and pockets start to form. If these go untreated, the gums begin to recede due to lack of support from the bones, and the root starts to show.
Causes of Gum Recession: Smoking
Smoking is the sworn enemy of dentists. The harmful effects of smoking are present everywhere. From your lungs to your heart and joints. Your mouth, and particularly the gums, are affected most of all. We asked our friend Dr. Cody Cowen, a dentist in Baton Rouge, LA, about common causes of gum recession. Dr. Cowen says that smoking is one of the leading causes of gum recession. He says that smoking not only affects your overall health but your way of life. The heat from cigarette smoke as well as the infection that ensues causes inflammation and swelling of the gums. Additionally, it accelerates the rate of gum disease, and recession will soon follow.
Causes of Gum Recession: Braces
Braces are needed when your teeth are crooked or misaligned. However, braces do not come without downfalls. One of the most common complications of braces is gum recession. This happens because of the pressure of the braces on the bones and gums, as well as the difficulty of cleaning in the teeth and maintaining oral hygiene. The recession resulting from braces will likely resolve on its own once the braces are removed.
Causes of Gum Recession: Teeth grinding
Grinding and mashing your teeth together is a sign of stress. The common complications of teeth grinding is chipping, showing wear signs and sensitivity. An unseen complication of teeth grinding is also gum recession. This is an indirect effect since the excessive pressure and trauma to the teeth causes the enamel near the gum margin to chip away. Contact of the gums to smooth enamel is much stronger than to chipped enamel or dentine. So, when that enamel chips away, it is very hard for the gums to stay attached to the tooth, and it begins to recede away and decrease in height.